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The Mapuche People

November 20th, 2013

OPINION Indian Policy Despite investing substantial public resources, the government has failed to resolve the conflict indigenous. Moreover, if no time reorients its programs in this field, problems could become more acute. For nearly a decade since the enactment of the Indian Act in 1993, the Mapuche conflict has become a focus of social policies undertaken by the three governments of the Concertacion. However, this delicate process, designed to meet the demands "historical" of native peoples, it appears to cast the results expected or less lead to a final resolution of indigenous issues. The authorities themselves are ahead in recognizing the growing demands of the wealthy land and fiscal resources, year after year, go to swell the various ethnic integration programs, which, moreover, remain mired in a difficult situation of isolation and poverty. Between 1994 and 2002, the state has invested more than $ 56 billion to meet land claims of indigenous peoples, through the Land and Water Fund (FTA). In addition, plans to use another $ 13 billion in 2003. Considering this major effort in public resources, the question arises: Why persist, then, violence in the Araucania? Or, more worryingly, why is not seen substantive change in the quality of life of those communities who have been the domain of their land? Apart from other considerations, the explanation for both cases can be located in disputed territories allocation model carried out by the ruling party through the Conadi.

In its design, this leads to complex regulatory incentives to occupation of land and, at the same time, provides a series of regulations and barriers to the right of ownership thereof upon delivery. In practice, these domains do not go hand in hand with other types of plans to promote education or training productive community members, which, thus, continue to see diminished their opportunities for economic and social progress in the long term. The failure to make full use of the allocated land-to sell, lease or mortgage-seeking credit and the weak progress in relation to the refocusing of indigenous policies in the country can lead, ultimately, to as much or more complex situations that current. Continue to deliver only land without value-added means not only a questionable expenditure for the Treasury. This also can be paid one way of poverty for these areas. And, therefore, provide ammunition for those who radicalize the flict and try to drive through terrorist actions. He has also contributed to the above, the number of irregularities and allegations that have affected the management of Conadi in recent years. This produces a natural distrust of the public regarding the proper use of public funds. Important is that the new authorities in charge of coordinating this issue make a thorough evaluation of the policies followed so far and redirected to more efficient channels. Help these groups of people to improve their general living conditions should be the primary objective of indigenous policies of the government and not only comply with territorial vindicated, as is now referred, does not resolve the difficulties to the Mapuche people.

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