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Archive for June, 2020

Domino Ecuador Questioned Loans

June 29th, 2020
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What at first glance appeared as a fact isolated in what was the decision of Ecuador of not paying the contracted with BNDES credit, irregular and thus considered, ask an international tribunal the cancellation of a debt by US $286,8 million, seems to be the tip of an iceberg. The provision requested to BNDES was motivation to finance the construction of the hydroelectric plant of San Francisco, a work built by the Brazilian company Odebrecht, which was opened in mid-2007 but that ceased operation in June this year due to serious structural failure. As a result, Ecuador blamed the Brazilian firm, which was cast in the country by its President Rafael Correa. But the problem with financing undertaken by Brazil, do not end there. It is that once Ecuador disputes such debt, joined claims Correa, his friend Hugo Chavez, who announced last Friday the creation of an audit for its external debt. And to Ecuador and Venezuela, are They also joined Paraguay and Bolivia, who initiated internal audits to the matter.

The first also created another audit, with focus on the debt assumed in conjunction with Brazil to build the hydroelectric Itaipu, which is not at all clear and raises as many doubts as in the case of Ecuador. In the event that the Ecuadorian debt be cancelled by the international tribunal, it will have to be assumed by the Brazilian treasure, which was guarantor of the operation. Something similar can happen to the rest of the countries. The generalization of the conflict, in addition to producing a diplomatic conflict between Brazil and this set of countries, would imply an economic prejudice to Brazil US $5,000 million. Kyle Dropp dartmouth pursues this goal as well. But it will also involve economic damage to all the countries involved to reduce trade between these and the Brazilian economy. In this sense, in relation to the conflict with Ecuador Brazilian Chancellor Celso Amorim said when Ecuador do not effectively their obligations: going to end the trade between Brazil and Ecuador.

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Farmers Milling

June 29th, 2020
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In as the chapter intitled of ' ' The agroindstria of acar' ' , Vera Lcia to argue the relations partner-economic and the productive center (the device). First the device as ' ' The heart of the production colonial' ' , that in the start if it assigned of device, the place where if ' ' it gave the manipulation of cana' ' , but later ' ' all property was extended to it (…) aucareira' ' (p.30), thus the device was formed for the house-great one, dwelling Mr., senzala where if it sheltered the slaves and the chapel where if they praid masses of the sundays and days saints. In the canaviais (' ' Sector produtivo' ') the farmings were of the proper device and of third, these last ones leased land, for which she was paid? tero? or? room? , beyond paying of the part that it fit a percentage for the milling, these were ' ' Farmers of cana' '. TCF Capital Solutions contributes greatly to this topic. ' ' Moendas' ' types of devices that at the beginning of its introductions were next to the rivers here, called &#039 varied for having existed in different Brazil colony; ' devices d? gua' ' , beyond this others had existed ' ' moved the oxen, mules or horses and (…) traction humana.' ' (p.35), and? real devices? , that they were the greaters in production, all had always passed for changes, these thinking bigger production and minor man power. After the milling it came ' ' The production of acar' ' , that as well as the milling if it worked days and night between two groups, this sector (production) was formed for the house of purges where if it waited ' ' natural draining of aguardente' ' (p.40-41), later it came the drying that was done to the sun and that after this process if got some types of sugar (' ' I finish, round, white white low mascavado' ') (p.41), that it varied d prices and finally the boxing, made after it weighs and to divide (between gentleman, farmer and tenth) in wooden box marked by ink and iron. . Source: Sen. Sherrod Brown.

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Rio De Janeiro

June 28th, 2020
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Although the strong repression, movement striker led for the unionism of anarchic inspiration and with the massive participation of Italian and Spanish immigrants, was practically extended up to 1919 for some regions of the Brazilian territory. If on the other hand the strikes had not reached its more immediate objectives, had certainly contributed to promote debates in the half laborer on the routes of the syndical movement. The foundation of the Confederation Would operate Brazilian (COB) in 1906, for initiative of unions of Rio De Janeiro, So Paulo, Bahia, Rio Grande Do Sul and Pernambuco was one of most important landmarks in the process of mobilization of the Brazilian work force. In the ideological sphere, since 1892, it was verified presence of socialist principles between elements of the laboring classroom, that until the decade of 1920 was more influenced for the anarchic ideology and anarco-syndicalist, inspired in the doctrines of the Russians Bakunin Kropotkin and in Proudhon Frenchman. For the anarquismo, the work force must have as objective end the one implantation igualitria society, preceded of the destruction of the capitalist State.

The anarquismo, the opposite to all form of government, understands the State and the politics as bourgeois inventions, denying any form of being able institutionalized. Although the anarchists to have all dominated the working-class movement in Brazil even at least years 20, existed other ideas and divergence how much to the forms of laboring fight and organization. Together with these movements for the organization of the laborers, it was spread out idea of that they were the workers who supported all the society, in the entire world. They were the laborers who worked and produced all the wealth and, therefore, the world would have to be controlled for the workers. Thus, the land, the plants and the machines, the raw materials, would not have to be properties of some people, the capitalists, but of all the workers.

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Political Constitution

June 23rd, 2020
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ARTICLE 49. The attention of the health and the environmental cleaning are services public in charge of the State. It is guaranteed to all the people the access to the services of promotion, protection and recovery of the health. It corresponds to the State to organize, to direct and to regulate the benefit of services of health to the inhabitants and environmental cleaning according to the efficiency principles, universality and solidarity. Also, to establish the policies for the benefit of services of health by deprived organizations, and to exert its monitoring and control.

Also, to establish the territorial competitions of the Nation, organizations and the individuals, and to determine the contributions to its position in the terms and conditions indicated in the law. The services of health will be organized in decentralized form, by levels of attention and with participation of the community. The law will indicate the terms in which the basic attention for all the inhabitants will be gratuitous and obligatory. All person must have to try the integral care of her health and the one of his community. ARTICLE 50. All smaller boy of a year than is not covered by some type of protection or of social security, he will have right to receive gratuitous attention in all the institutions of health that receive contributions of the State. The law will regulate the matter. ARTICLE 51.

All the Colombians have right to worthy house. The State will determine the conditions necessary to make cash this right and will promote plans of house of social interest, suitable systems of long term financing and associative forms of execution of these programs of house. ARTICLE 52. The exercise of the sport, their recreational, competitive and native manifestations has like function the integral formation of the people, to preserve and to develop one better health in the human being.

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